Data Analysis & Probability Games

## Featured Game: M & M Probability Game

 M and M Game: 2-dice Version Students place M&M markers on the numbers 2-12.   Students may place one M&M marker on each number or place several on some numbers and leave other numbers blank.   Next, students toss two 6-sided dice, find the sum, and remove an M&M marker from that number, if there is still one.   The first player to remove all markers wins the game. NOTE: This game was developed by Susie Siegel who currently teaches fourth grade at Irwin Elementary School in East Brunswick, NJ.   Ms. Siegel created M&M markers on the computer and used sentence strips for the gameboard, as pictured. She also designed a recording sheet students could also use to play the game and record data. Download Ms. Siegel's M & M Probability Game Directions and recording sheet. At the request of several Mathwire users, Terry Kawas created M&M pieces, similar to those in the picture. Download Terry's M&M Pieces. Download an alternate recording sheet and directions for using the recording sheet that can be inserted in a sheet protector as an alternative to playing the game with M&M pieces. See More Two-Dice Toss Activities and games.

## Data Analysis & Probability Games

These activities support students as they conceptually develop a sense of how probability affects the outcome of games.   Students will find that applying their knowledge of probability will help them win some of the games.

• See Data Analysis: One-Die Toss Activities for games that help students develop an understanding of the probability of the outcomes of tossing one die.   Games include Pig, Car Race, Ladybug, Fly Home!, Free the Animals, and Release the Prisoners,   The Cereal Toy Investigation encourages students to investigate the probability of collecting all six toys in a cereal sales promotion.
• See Data Analysis: Two-Dice Toss Activities for games that help students develop an understanding of the probability of the different outcomes of tossing two dice.   Students are asked to organize the data, analyze the results and use this working knowledge to develop effective winning strategies for the different games. Games include two-dice versions of favorites: Pig, Free the Animals, Release the Prisoners, and Face Off! Several new games are also introduced: Skunk, M&M Probability Game, and the Great Cookie Contest.